Why Crude Oil Trades So Poorly
Crude oil is the new widow maker. It trades heavier than a wet dawg in a New York thunderstorm. Rallies have no legs and its seems the only bid these days are the shorts with their family jewels caught in a vice grip.
Note the recent lower highs and lower lows and stiff resistance at the 50 and 200-day moving averages.
Technology Rapidly Changing Oil Industry
Maybe it because of the huge technological progress, which, has, for example, driven the cost of the breakeven for some deep water drilling projects down 50 percent in the past few years. Deep water projects, some of which, used to cost north of $100 per bbl elsewhere throughout the world have fallen to around $40–$50 per barrel in the Gulf of Mexico. Absoulutely stunning!
We came across this Foreign Affairs piece yesterday that absolutely floored us (be sure to click Foreign Affairs to read full article),
The technology revolution has transformed one industry after another, from retail to manufacturing to transportation. Its most far-reaching effects, however, may be playing out in the unlikeliest of places: the traditional industries of oil, gas, and electricity.
…These technologies have helped drive oil prices down from an all-time high of $145 per barrel in July 2008 to less than a third of that today, and supply has become much more responsive to market conditions, undercutting the ability of OPEC, a group of the world’s major oil-exporting nations, to influence global oil prices.
…. As the price of oil tumbled from above $100 per barrel in early 2014 to below $50 per barrel in January 2015, many of these projects [deep water] stalled. By early 2016, companies had put on hold an estimated four million barrels per day of new oil output, 40 percent of it from deep-water sources.
…As drilling stalled, oil and gas operators, desperate to cut costs, began to rethink the complex systems they used.
…Today, thanks to these innovations, the average breakeven prices of new deep-water projects have fallen, to just $40–$50 per barrel in the Gulf of Mexico—an important global bellwether because it is one of the most responsive regions in the world to changes in market conditions. Even though oil prices remain low (and many in the industry expect them to stay low), investment is once again growing. Ten deep-water projects were approved for investment in 2016 and the first half of 2017 alone. – Foreign Affairs
Technology only moves forward unless the Luddites take power, which given recent events can’t be entirely dismissed. So, our guess is the long-term pressure on crude prices is lower.
The Middle East Mess
Shorter term, however, we wouldn’t be surprised to see a “wag the dog” event in the Middle East and a price spike as there is currently no geopolitical risk premium in the crude price. The Saudi-Iran conflict continues to heat up as they fight their proxy wars across the region from Yemen to Syria.
Just yesterday, for example, Iran took four Saudi sailors into custody and seized their naval vessel after they entered Iran’s territorial waters in the Persian Gulf. One stray missile into the side of an oil tanker in the Straights of Hormuz could send prices up $20 per bbl.. Certain emasculation of the leveraged shorts. Suppliers would jump on those prices faster than a portfolio manager chasing a 7 percent yield on a 100-year Argentina bond, however.
Being short crude here is therefore not a sleep easy trade. But, when is it ever an easy trade?
If the above is true, and we could be entirely wrong as articles such as these are not uncommon at bottoms, the world and geopolitical forces that drive it are in for huge upheaval.
Not only has the supply curve shifted way right it has become flatter or more elastic, that is sensitive to price moves. The same is true for demand, which has shifted left in the west though it has increased in the emerging markets. We wouldn’t bet on a huge spike in longer-term demand as technology – as in electric cars (hint Volvo) – continues to evolve at a rapid pace. “In 2016, approximately 45 percent of the global oil demand was attributable to the road transportation sector.”
Finally, it is important not to conflate crude oil’s relative price decline with a generalized global deflation. It’s kind of frustrating to observe policy makers and market watchers exclude energy prices from the inflation indices when prices are rising and include them when prices are falling. Easy money bias.
Maybe it’s time to sell those buggy whips.