S&P Wants You To Know They “Stress Tested” Subprime Auto ABS Structures And They're “Very Stable”
Posted by Tyler Durden on September 28, 2017 12:10 am
Tags: Better Business Bureau, Borrowing Costs, Business, Economy, Finance, Financial crisis of 2007–2008, Investment Grade, MONEY, Morgan Stanley, Mortgage-backed security, ratings, recovery, Securitization, Stress Test, Structured Finance, Subprime lending, Subprime mortgage crisis, Synthetic CDO, Systemic risk, unemployment, United States housing bubble
Categories: Better Business Bureau Borrowing Costs Business Economy Finance Financial crisis of 2007–2008 Investment Grade money Morgan Stanley Mortgage-backed security ratings recovery Securitization Stress Test Structured Finance Subprime lending Subprime mortgage crisis Synthetic CDO Systemic risk unemployment United States housing bubble
The same firm that ‘assured’ us all back in 2006 that RMBS, CDOs, synthetic CDOs and CDO-squared structures were all very safe products and well deserving of their AAA ratings would now like for you to know that they’ve “stress tested” subprime auto ABS facilities and found that they’re “very stable.”
According to the Auto Finance News, the assurances were given by S&P’s senior director, Amy Martin, at the recent ABS East conference in Miami. Apparently Martin is undeterred by the fact that subprime ABS “losses are going up from 2015 and 2016 [vintages], even approaching recessionary levels” during a period in which employment levels continue to improve.
While rising losses have caused some concern in the industry, S&P Global Ratings found that subprime auto loans bundled in securitizations are still well positioned to weather an economic downturn.
“Losses are going up from 2015 and 2016 [vintages], even approaching recessionary levels,” Amy Martin, S&P’s senior director, told Auto Finance News during a meeting at ABS East, noting that unemployment is the lowest it’s been since 2001. “But you have to look at it relative to what’s happening with the ratings, and the ratings are very stable.”
The company ran a stress test to see how these securitizations would react under a Better Business Bureau stress scenario, which simulates another 2008 economic crisis event: lower used-vehicle values, 10% unemployment, and rising debt levels. The test found that subprime losses would rise 1.67 times higher than S&P’s baseline economic projections. That would be a large jump because it’s a large macro economic shift, but ultimately AAA and AA rated subprime auto deals would not fall by more than one category over their life under that scenario. That’s “well within” S&P’s criteria, which stipulates that AAA and AA ratings can’t move by more than one category in one year, and can’t move below investment grade in three years.
Furthermore, all of the subprime deals that S&P rates fared better than expected when compared to stress tests performed when the securitizations were first issued.
Well, if S&P has confirmed it then it must be true.
Of course, even though S&P is absolutely positive that their AAA ratings on subprime auto ABS structures are solid, they do admit it can be difficult to account for things like “lower recovery rates, regulatory scrutiny from state attorneys general, and higher interest rates.”
However, there are some weaknesses to watch, such as lower recovery rates, regulatory scrutiny from state attorneys general, and higher interest rates. “Some companies won’t be able to offset rising borrowing costs because the annual percentage rates on their loans may already be at or close to the maximum state usury limits,” Martin said in a September report. “Also, the newer subprime auto finance companies started during a benign economic environment with low-interest rates and rising employment, so their ability to survive a rising interest rate environment has not been tested.”
Do they mean “lower recovery rates” like the 50% drop in used car prices that Morgan Stanley recently said was possible in their downside scenario?
No, we’re sure that, just like all the confirmations we got from the mortgage ‘experts’ in 2006 that home prices in America could simply never fall, Ms. Martin would be happy to assure us all that used car prices could simply never fall that much…until they do, of course.